Skip Navigation

Back and Neck

Osteopaths can be visited without a referral from a GP and are trained to know the difference between uncomplicated back pain and back pain requiring referral to specialist care. In some cases there may be a more serious cause for low back pain such as disc injury, fracture, tumour and infection, which requires ongoing specialist support.

Research and Evidence

Back Pain

Vaughan B, Morrison T, Buttigieg S, Macfarlane C, Fryer G. 

Published in Australian Family Physician 2014, Vol43, No.4, April 2014 Pages 197-198

This article forms part of our allied health series for 2014, which aims to provide information about the management approach of different allied health professionals, using the case example of uncomplicated, mechanical low back pain.

Cruser dA, Maurer D, Hensel K, Brown SK, White K, Stoll ST.

Published in the Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy, 2012 Feb; 20(1):5-15.

This study supports the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment in reducing acute low back pain in active duty military personnel.

Licciardone JC, Minotti DE, Gatchel RJ, Kearns CM, Singh KP.

Published in Annals of Family Medicine

The osteopathic manipulative treatment regimen met or exceeded the Cochrane Back Review Group criterion for a medium effect size in relieving chronic low back pain. It was safe, parsimonious, and well accepted by patients.

Helge Franke, Jan-David Franke and Gary Fryer

Published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014

Clinically relevant effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment were found for reducing pain and improving functional status in patients with acute and chronic nonspecific low back pain and for low back pain in pregnant and postpartum women at 3 months posttreatment. However, larger, high-quality randomized controlled trials with robust comparison groups are recommended.

Vismara L, Cimolin V, Menegoni F, Zaina F, Galli M, Negrini S, Villa V, Capodaglio P.

Published in Manual Therapy

Combined rehabilitation treatment including osteopathic manipulative treatment showed to be effective in improving biomechanical parameters of the thoracic spine in obese patients with chronic low back pain.

Williams NH, Wilkinson C, Russell I, Edwards RT, Hibbs R, Linck P, Muntz R.

Published in Family Practice

Aim: was to assess the effectiveness and health care costs of a practice-based osteopathy clinic for subacute spinal pain. A primary care osteopathy clinic improved short-term physical and longer term psychological outcomes, at little extra cost. Rigorous multicentre studies are now needed to assess the generalizability of this approach.

de Oliveira RF, Liebano RE, Costa Lda C, Rissato LL, Costa LO.

Published in Physical Therapy

The immediate changes in pain intensity and pressure pain threshold after a single high-velocity manipulation do not differ by region-specific versus non-region-specific manipulation techniques in patients with chronic low back pain.

Downie A, Williams CM, Henschke N, Hancock MJ, Ostelo RW, de Vet HC, Macaskill P, Irwig L, van Tulder MW, Koes BW, Maher CG.

Published in BMJ

While several red flags are endorsed in guidelines to screen for fracture or malignancy, only a small subset of these have evidence that they are indeed informative. These findings suggest a need for revision of many current guidelines.

Neck Pain

Anita Gross, Pierre Langevin, Stephen J Burnie, Marie-Sophie Bédard-Brochu, Brian Empey, Estelle Dugas, Michael Faber-Dobrescu, Cristy Andres, Nadine Graham, Charles H Goldsmith, Gert Brønfort, Jan L Hoving, Francis LeBlanc. Editorial Group: Cochrane Back and Neck Group

Published Online: 23 SEP 2015 on Cohrane Library

Findings suggest that manipulation and mobilisation present similar results for every outcome at immediate/short/intermediate-term follow-up. Multiple cervical manipulation sessions may provide better pain relief and functional improvement than certain medications at immediate/intermediate/long-term follow-up. Since the risk of rare but serious adverse events for manipulation exists, further high-quality research is needed to guide clinicians in their optimal treatment choices.

Pelvic Pain

Florian Schwerlaa, Petra Wirthwein, Michaela Rütz, Karl-Ludwig Resch

Published in International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine

A series of osteopathic treatments might be beneficial for women suffering from primary dysmenorrhoea.

Back Pain in Numbers

 (click for full)

00

days

00

hours

00

minutes

00

seconds

Latest news

Congratulations to our winner of the 2017/18 Early Bird renewal draw!

Julian Howard

Webinar preview: The 4 habits that derail you from being a great listener

As you explore the 4 habits of poor listeners, see what people and situations make you into any of the 4 listening styles. Sometimes you will fall into these habits with people you know well or meet for the first time.